Fragility & Peace


Despite declines in interstate conflict, violence prompted by weak institutions, protracted grievances, broken social compacts, illicit transnational networks, and outside intervention have redefined notions of conflict and fragility. ISE seeks to unpack these new collective understandings, exploring features of conflict and violence and broader drivers such as climate change, poor social cohesion, and migration. We are supporting new and innovative perspectives on peacebuilding, informed by comprehensive analyses of modern peace processes.

Ending Extreme Poverty in Fragile and Conflict-affected Situations

Submitted to the UN High-level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, this paper sets out (i) some observations on the changed context in which fragility and conflict exist; (ii) the current state of lessons and…

View Complete Publication

State Function: Security
Insight & Analysis: Fragility & Peace
An Institutional Framework for Natural Resource Management: Chapter 7 of Natural Riches? Perspectives on Responsible Natural Resources Management in Conflict-Affected Countries

Governments can most successfully manage their natural resources when they understand the potential of these assets set against the larger economic, social and environmental goals of the country. They can then seek to nurture a…

View Complete Publication

The Case of Transformation in Mozambique

Mozambique is now one of Africa’s fastest growing economies. What were the key steps in its path from Civil War, through one party state system and centrally planned socialist economy, to multiparty constitutional democracy? How…

View Complete Publication

Preparing for a Syrian Transition: Lessons from the Past, Thinking for the Future

This paper develops scenarios for possible Syrian transitions. It identifies relevant peace building lessons from the past, outlines recommendations for members of the international community and pinpoints issues for articulating and implementing a transitional agenda.…

View Complete Publication

Spain: From Dictatorship to Democracy, and Poverty to Prosperity

The story of how Spain transitioned from a military dictatorship to a situational monarchy with a Parliamentary democracy is widely known. This paper scrutinizes the deeper process: how Spain developed its national institutions to build…

View Complete Publication

New Models for Engaging in Fragile States

Recommendations from the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Fragile States The citizens of fragile states are not waiting for change; they now take to the streets demanding inclusion in decision-making and marketplace opportunities.…

View Complete Publication