This article assesses the remarkable progress Sierra Leone has made since the civil war ended in 2002: the consolidation of its political system; improved security; and the establishment of a solid basis for decentralized governance. It considers the challenge government faces to maintain service delivery, consolidate institutional reform, and continue its forward momentum as the country reaches a crossroads and donor attention drifts elsewhere.
It proposes strategies to maintain momentum and progress. It details possible approaches to improve accountability and revenue streams, support decentralization, build human capacity and deploy national programs. It also sets out specific recommendations for private sector, donor community and civil society actors.