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Team-Based Performance Management Systems: Lessons from Afghanistan

Many global policy agreements on increased aid effectiveness have advocated for development partners to use and build the capacity of the aid recipient country’s institutions to achieve greater sustainability. However, experience from fragile and conflict-affected situation (FCS) countries shows that, despite substantial investment and good intentions to build capacity in state institutions, few strong examples have emerged. This Development Practice Note (DPN) outlines the lessons learned from the implementation of a team-based performance management system in the Afghan Ministry of Finance to build these capacities, and offers recommendations for improvements in Afghanistan and considerations for utilizing the system in other country contexts.