Research and Development Innovations for Concepts, Policy & Practice

  • Security

    Security sector reform is a major challenge for all countries.  Security institutions are not always well aligned with national requirements, either in terms of overall capacity, or in terms of relative balance and disposition of security sector components. This manual provides a definition of security that accounts for theories of monopoly of legitimate use of violence,.. Read more

  • National Community Programs Guidelines

    Citizenship rights are translated into tangible benefits at the level of local communities and neighborhoods as citizens participate in decision-making, interact in communities and interface with public services. National community programs have had significant impact globally in creating democratic governance structures at a local level, and have helped communities benefit from national funding to advance.. Read more

  • Infrastructure

    Infrastructure investment sets countries’ opportunities and constraints. High-quality infrastructure production and ongoing maintenance is vital for the security, economic growth and livelihoods of citizens. Worldwide, inadequate delivery of quality infrastructure impedes nations at all levels of development – economically, socially and environmentally. While some $25 trillion will be invested in infrastructure globally over the next.. Read more

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  • Human Capital

    Human capital development is a key driver of economic prosperity and political transformation. Educational investment in particular drives improved quality of life worldwide. Accelerating globalization and technological change, together with shifting demographics and citizen expectations, places new, increasing demands on educational systems’ capacity to produce knowledgeable, skilled workforces. Current needs are for robust institutions, and.. Read more

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  • Governance

    For the last two decades there has been consensus on the centrality of governance to countries’ ability to provide security, prosperity and well-being for their citizens. The promotion of good governance, however, particularly in developing countries, has proven difficult. Difficulties arise from: the failure to understand governance as a system; the imposition of “best practice”.. Read more

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  • Accountability

    Accountability demands attention owing to a number of factors: the information revolution and increasing citizen attention to service delivery and relative functionality; the fiscal crisis and associated austerity measures; the perceived failure of both domestic systems and foreign assistance; and widespread corruption.  Inadequate accountability systems are manifestly translating to inadequate results in the stewardship of.. Read more

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