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  • Haiti: Escaping the Crisis Trap

    Four years after a devastating earthquake, the reconstruction of Haiti remains far from completion. Although billions of dollars in aid have flowed into the country, Haitians feel the outcomes have not matched the promises made. This paper analyzes the issues underlying the failures of the international aid system in Haiti and argues that Haiti should.. Read more

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  • Preparing for a Syrian Transition: Trust Funds

    This note considers the application of a multi-donor trust fund (MDTF) to a possible Syrian transition. Firstly, it considers how an MDTF could act as the primary funding mechanism for short-term emergency support. Secondly, it considers how a longer-term fund could anticipate and support the rebuilding process until Syrian government revenue streams and institutions regain.. Read more

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  • Preparing for a Syrian Transition: Lessons from the Past, Thinking for the Future

    This paper develops scenarios for possible Syrian transitions. It identifies relevant peace building lessons from the past, outlines recommendations for members of the international community and pinpoints issues for articulating and implementing a transitional agenda. Drawing on a range of sources, it then identifies lessons relevant to Syria.

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  • Nepal: Overcoming Distrust in the Market

    Despite Nepal’s economic potential, disagreement on forming an enabling environment for business is entrenching informal and corrupt rules. This impedes licit businesses, restricting trade and investment. This article proposes how the government should partner with the private sector, which key issues it should focus on and in what sequence. Finally, it sets out preliminary ideas.. Read more

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  • Guinea-Bissau: Translating Potential into Reality

    Current approaches in the Guinea-Bissau reached an impasse as the government struggled to balance competing urgent needs, the population’s desire for tangible change, and longer term institutional reform. This paper suggests a new approach whose central aims are state, market and civil society building. It proposes a set of short-term priorities, highlights opportunities for the.. Read more

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  • How to Help Haiti Rebuild

    Foreign policy magazine invited five experts on nation building, economic development and emergency aid – including ISE’s Clare Lockhart – to share lessons and advice for Haiti, whose multibillion dollar fund set up in the wake of the 2010 earthquake offers hope for change. This paper sets out ISE’s recommendations to the international donor community.. Read more

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  • Nepal: From Stalemate to State-Building

    This paper considers how to resolve Nepalese political stalemate. It argues that progress on constitution-making requires agreement on core constitutional principles to underpin it. It then sets out recommendations to catalyze positive change, overcoming narrow interests to serve a broader agenda.

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  • A Ten-Year Framework for Afghanistan

    This paper argues that the Afghan government should prioritize specific institutional state functions to bolster its military governance and economic capacity. These are: rule of law and public finance; market building; infrastructure and social policy; and public borrowing. It then sets out how a proposed new US strategy could support these aims, detailing key elements.. Read more

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  • Sierra Leone: From Changing Attitudes to Changing Outcomes

    This article assesses the remarkable progress Sierra Leone has made since the civil war ended in 2002: the consolidation of its political system; improved security; and the establishment of a solid basis for decentralized governance. It considers the challenge government faces to maintain service delivery, consolidate institutional reform, and continue its forward momentum as the.. Read more

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  • Nepal: From Politics to Progress

    This paper considers how, at an ‘open moment’ in its history, Nepal might meet the challenge of moving from slogan to implementation. It suggests national programs have a role to play in facilitating this process by supporting government functions. It emphasizes the centrality of economics to a successful transformation and proposes an integrated plan for.. Read more

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  • Preliminary Country Report and Ideas: Liberia

    This paper assesses Liberia’s political and economic process since its civil war ended in 2003, and explains the convergence of factors that subsequently led to an ‘open moment’ with potential for constructive change. It identifies the three key drivers of that change and sets out priority tasks to drive and accelerate the process.

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  • National Development Framework for Afghanistan

    This paper focuses on the National Development Framework, explaining how it provides the foundation for a comprehensive national strategy and promotes the national budget as the central instrument of policy. It considers the three main pillars of the Framework strategy: foundations for advancing human capital; building physical infrastructure to stimulate private sector-led growth; and harnessing.. Read more

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  • Nepal: The Future in the Present

    This paper explains how unstable dual power sharing defined Nepal’s predicament in May 2006. It explains why resulting structural uncertainty affects stakeholders and threatens further development – or even risks collapse. The paper then explains the range of assets that leadership already possesses and outlines a set of recommendations to capitalize on them in order.. Read more

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  • Kosovo: Developing a Strategy for the Future

    This paper describes the challenges facing Kosovo at a pivotal moment in its history, and explains why its institutions were short of capacity, legitimacy and trust. On the basis that EU accession was the country’s long-term goal, it advocates a backward-mapping strategy to outline the path to that goal and assesses implications of such a.. Read more

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  • Country Report: Sudan

    This paper considers the prospects of peace for Southern Sudan and how it would enable major economic development. It examines the nature of the challenge, current assets, major stakeholders and urgent issues.  It then outlines how three alternative scenarios might emerge. It advocates government’s introduction of a six-year goal, divided into specific annual targets with.. Read more

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  • Haiti: Consolidating Peace, Security and Development

    An acknowledged need for a new approach among the Haiti aid complex informs this study of Haiti, and how it can create and consolidate credible institutions. This paper sets out targeted suggestions for achieving this, and identifies the key areas for improving partnerships between donors and government.

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  • Afghanistan: Rebuilding Our Nation

    This article reviews the six priority subprograms selected as top national priorities for donor funding, at the start of the Afghan reconstruction process. These programs targeted: solidarity and emergency employment; primary health and education; transport; water resource investment; urban infrastructure; and governance infrastructure. For each program, the paper describes its rationale, needs assessment process, financing.. Read more

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