Research and Development Innovations for Concepts, Policy & Practice

  • Economic Tools Mapping: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

    Impediments to foreign direct investment are a key constraint for developing countries seeking economic growth and poverty reduction. For many developing countries, political risk is one of the most significant impediments within this category. The multilateral investment guarantee agency (MIGA) addresses this constraint by providing political risk insurance guarantees to private sector investors and lenders… Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: Overseas Private Investment Corporation

    The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), the US government’s developmental finance arm, mobilizes private capital to simultaneously solve global challenges and advance US foreign policy. This note considers how OPIC helps US businesses unlock emerging and frontier markets and what financing, insurance instruments and mechanisms it uses to achieve this. This note reviews OPIC’s activities.. Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: Small Enterprise Assistance Funds

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in emerging and transition markets often struggle to attract capital, although SMEs typically generate countries’ largest source of employment, goods and services. Small Enterprise Assistance Funds (SEAF) provides such enterprises with financing and business assistance for positive community development. While initial focus was Central and Eastern Europe, it later concentrated.. Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: Special Economic Zones

    This note reviews special economic zones, the variety of fiscal and economic regimes that govern them, and the potential they offer governments. It considers how they can stimulate foreign investment, regional development, technology transfer, foreign exchange income and employment, as well as some less tangible benefits.  This note seeks to understand why local and national.. Read more

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  • Key Economic Tools

    This note proposes 29 economic tools, detailing the pros and cons of each, illustrated by successful examples. For each tool it also considers potential means of implementation, sequencing and recommends relevant implementation levels, e.g. village, district, province or state. The rationale for these tools is that in certain cases (we use Afghanistan by way of.. Read more

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