Research and Development Innovations for Concepts, Policy & Practice

  • Key Economic Tools

    This note proposes 29 economic tools, detailing the pros and cons of each, illustrated by successful examples. For each tool it also considers potential means of implementation, sequencing and recommends relevant implementation levels, e.g. village, district, province or state. The rationale for these tools is that in certain cases (we use Afghanistan by way of.. Read more

  • Economic Tools Mapping: Special Economic Zones

    This note reviews special economic zones, the variety of fiscal and economic regimes that govern them, and the potential they offer governments. It considers how they can stimulate foreign investment, regional development, technology transfer, foreign exchange income and employment, as well as some less tangible benefits.  This note seeks to understand why local and national.. Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: Small Enterprise Assistance Funds

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in emerging and transition markets often struggle to attract capital, although SMEs typically generate countries’ largest source of employment, goods and services. Small Enterprise Assistance Funds (SEAF) provides such enterprises with financing and business assistance for positive community development. While initial focus was Central and Eastern Europe, it later concentrated.. Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: Overseas Private Investment Corporation

    The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), the US government’s developmental finance arm, mobilizes private capital to simultaneously solve global challenges and advance US foreign policy. This note considers how OPIC helps US businesses unlock emerging and frontier markets and what financing, insurance instruments and mechanisms it uses to achieve this. This note reviews OPIC’s activities.. Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

    Impediments to foreign direct investment are a key constraint for developing countries seeking economic growth and poverty reduction. For many developing countries, political risk is one of the most significant impediments within this category. The multilateral investment guarantee agency (MIGA) addresses this constraint by providing political risk insurance guarantees to private sector investors and lenders… Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: Millennium Challenge Corporation

    The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) aims to deliver assistance to underdeveloped countries with a focus on good policy, country ownership and developmental results. This note describes how MCC forms partnerships with highly underdeveloped countries and what criteria it applies. It assesses how it funds country-led solutions for general poverty reduction through large-scale grants and considers.. Read more

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  • Economic Tools Mapping: IFC Small and Medium Enterprise Toolkit

    Traditionally many business management tools were the preserve of public corporations and multinationals.  Now, as a result of the IFC small and medium enterprise (SME) toolkit initiative, tools such as business plan generators, website builders, financial models and calculators, blogging and conference facilities are available to SMEs, particularly in developing countries. This note assesses the.. Read more

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