• Bihar: Transformation from a Dysfunctional to a Redistributive State

    Confronted by set of deeply entrenched obstacles, the government of Bihar adopted a carefully structured approach to state-building. In this paper we assess the measures it took to consolidate the rule of law, build key infrastructure, deliver services, grow revenues and expenditure, and improve bureaucratic function. We explain and assess how these individual approaches combined.. Read more

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  • Case of Finnish Transformation: Balancing Growth with Equity

    One of the most interesting characteristics of Finland’s long-term ascent of many of the world economic and governance indicators has been how, instead of focusing on problems, it tended to adopt a pragmatic, solution-based approach. We look at how this approach translated to economic policy, governance and accountability, and Finland’s consensus building citizenship model. We.. Read more

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  • Gujarat: The Transition to a West Indian Tiger

    Stagnating agriculture and a declining textiles sector characterized the Gujarati economy on its 1960 creation. Poor quality infrastructure compounded the challenge. We look at the five major market-building strategies it adopted to combine investment focus with institutional reform. We look at how this process successfully led Gujarat to become an industrialized state with high GDP.. Read more

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  • Himachal Pradesh: Understanding State-Level Transition in in India

    How did Himachal Pradesh evolve to become one of India’s wealthiest states, with low poverty levels and above average literacy?  The prospect appeared unlikely when 30 princely Hill states merged to form a state characterized by subsistence farming and India’s lowest literacy rate. It now has a developed banking sector and India’s highest levels of.. Read more

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  • Karnataka: Understanding State Level Transition in India

    We explain why Karnataka is an instructive case study, containing both positive and negative lessons. In the last decade income growth has been spectacular; self-interested policy making have led it to be branded India’s most corrupt state. We look at how the state’s role has altered rather than diminished, so that it has become a.. Read more

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  • Nobody Owes Us Anything: Self-Destruction to Self-Reliance in Rwanda (2010)

    How has Rwanda generated uniquely Rwandan solutions through leveraging its assets to national regeneration? What were the key elements of the Rwandan government’s reform program, and how did it balance robust economic growth with reconciling the country’s dark legacy?  We explain how, even though the country has yet to balance security and stability with individual.. Read more

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  • Singapore: From Third World to First

    How did Singapore transform itself from a breakaway island state few considered viable, wracked with ethnic tension, political and economic problems, to a thriving economic hub and global financial center? Which areas of economy and government did leadership target to drive this extraordinary transformation? We consider the particular characteristics of Singapore’s approach, with its emphasis.. Read more

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